The length of the State border of the Republic of Tajikistan and the People’s Republic of China is 494, 95 km and passes through highland territories along the Pamir’s mountain range in the Badakhshon mountainous autonomous region.
According to the Intergovernmental agreement of the Republic of Tajikistan and the People’s Republic of China dated 2011, the only check-point of international status on the State border of the two countries is “Kulma-Qarasu”, which located in Murghab district of the Badakhshan mountainous autonomous region, the way to which transits through Murghab in Pamir. “Kulma-Qarasu” check-point is situated at a height of 4365 meters above sea level and therefore, in winter periods the above stated area is covered by snow and hampers transport communication. Despite this, the existing infrastructure, including motor roads and providing conditions for “Kulma-Qarasu” check-point functioning, makes possible traveling of the people and movement of vehicles in all-year regime
“Kulma” pass is the only international passage through the border between the Republic of Tajikistan and the People’s Republic of China and it serves as an important trade and economic nexus between the two countries. The highway, which connects the West of Tajikistan with China, passes by the territory of the Badakhshan mountainous autonomous region and bifurcates in Murghab area, in the direction of China and Kyrgyzstan, located in the North.
By 2012 all the delimitation and demarcation issues of the State borders of the two countries was completed and the Parties signed the international agreements between the Republic of Tajikistan and the People’s Republic of China on the State border and its demarcation, which already came into force.
In 2012 also there was signed the Intergovernmental agreement on the State border regime between the Republic of Tajikistan and the People’s Republic of China, and tripartite Agreement between the Republic of Tajikistan, the People’s Republic of China and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on the State border junction point of the three countries, and the Parties started full border guarding.