The length of the State border of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan is 1332, 9 km. From the total length, the river border is 105 km and land border is 1227, 98 km.
In accordance with the Intergovernmental agreement of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan dated 2002, there are 16 check points in the Tajik-Uzbek State border. Nine of them are of international statuses and the rest seven are of bilateral statuses. Four of these check points are open for railroad transportation. Twelve of them are located in the Sughd region and the rest four are in Khatlon region and Tursunzoda district. One of the main highway and railway branches, which connect western part of Uzbekistan to the eastern and further to Kyrgyzstan, passes through the territory of Tajikistan.
At present, two crossing checkpoints of international statuses – “Dusti” in Tursunzoda district and “Fotehobod” in Mastchoh district of the Sughd region are open for citizens traveling and partly for transport vehicles.
During the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics existence the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan were part of a great power and the countries were divided by administrative borders. After the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and gaining independence of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan the issue of the need for delimitation of the State border with the Republic of Uzbekistan has arisen. With this purpose, in 2002 there was established an Intergovernmental commission for delimitation and demarcation of the State border of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan by both Parties. Up to 2002 the Parties delimitated 86% of State borderline and in this year there was signed Tajik-Uzbek State border Treaty.