BOMCA Programme is sponsored by the European Union and implemented by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). BOMCA Programme was launched in 2003, after signing the Agreement between the European Commission and the United Nations Development Programme. The total budget of the BOMCA Programme from 2003 to 2014 is 36 million Euros, which allocated among the members of the program – the Republic of Tajikistan, the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kirgiz Republic, the Republic of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
From the beginning of implementation, the Programme passed 8 phases. In July 2011 EU and UNDP officially announced about the beginning of the eighth phase of the Programme. The total budget of the eighth phase of the Programme is 8,690,000 Euros for all participating countries.
The main objectives of the BOMCA Programme are to strengthen the stability and security in the region of Central Asia, as well as to promote sustainable economic development, closer regional cooperation, both in the framework of the Central Asian region and between Central Asia and EU. Moreover, the training component of the BOMCA Programme is being implemented in partnership with the International center for development of migration policy, which is situated in Vienne, Austria.
BOMCA programme provides technical assistance to the Main department of border troops of the State Committee of National Security, Custom Service under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, Drug Control Agency under the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and other ministries and agencies which involved in border management. The assistance mainly focused on the issues of local capacity building, institutional reform consulting, counter-drugs capacity building, modernization and upgrading of infrastructure, as well as harmonization of training programmes.
Starting from 2003, there has been annually held conferences of Central Asia Border Security Initiative (CABSI) in order to provide forms for coordination and discussion of activities and strategic goals of the BOMCA Programme.
The beginning of the implementation of ninth phase of the BOMCA Program is expected in the second part of 2014.